Review past research (you should have a good starting point from the Annotated Bib assignment for Module 2( The Effect of E-commerce on Consumer Behavior) , and continue the search for more/better articles) to build a solid foundation and support for your study. As in research articles you have read, you must, in due diligence, describe what is currently known about your topic. In particular, how do past research and existing theories inform and lead up to your particular RQ and Hypothesis? This literature review provides background and a supportive argument for your study's RQ or Hypothesis.
As per APA style, you will label this section with the heading, Literature Review. Rely on the current edition of APA for formatting headings, supplemental chapters, and sample paper. Assuming you have laid a strong foundation in this section, you will have developed the framework of the paper.
The Lit Review is without question the most revealing section of your paper. You must describe, explain, and evaluate existing research that informs our understanding of your topic. This literature review helps justify your RQ and/or Hypothesis, which are listed at the end of this review section. Find a way to logically organize the past research chronologically, general to specific, contrast-comparison, trends, topical, problem-solution (much like you would a speech). Be careful not to quote too much – put information/research findings in your own words as much as possible.
You connect the research by linking back to the research idea you are studying.
You can present the RQ/Hypothesis in one of 2 ways: 1) display it as it emerges from the literature review, or 2) incorporate it as a total summary to the literature review. Remember that you type RQ1 and H1 (not the full words: Research Question or Hypothesis).
Citing from at least four to eight articles from scholarly peer-reviewed journals, write a 2-3 page Literature Review on your chosen research problem/ topic. Be sure to utilize the Research Proposal Template as a guide.
This assignment must be structured to conform to APA format and style standards. Feel free to ask your instructor any questions you may have.
ECOMMERCE RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESIS
RQ1: What are the general challenges of E-commerce in an organization that is dealing with different products?
RQ2: How can E-commerce be used to bring about changes in an organization by avoiding challenges and make the organizations and companies using the same generate more revenues?
H1: Organizations or companies that incorporate e-commerce in their activities in different activities and especially in selling products are usually at a higher probability of being exposed to challenges that are related to involving themselves in e-commerce in selling and buying products to its customers compared to organizations that do not incorporate ecommerce in the selling of their different products.
H2: The use of Ecommerce in the daily activities of an organization help a lot in ensuring that a company or an organization generates more income in terms of revenues and also generally bring about change in the whole company.
An easy way to help students learn, collaborate, and grow. Designed to engage today’s student, WileyPLUS Learning Space will transform any course into a vibrant, collaborative learning community.
Identify which students are struggling early in the semester. Educators assess the real-time engagement and performance of each student to inform teaching decisions. Students always know what they need to work on.
Facilitate student engagement both in and outside of class. Educators can quickly organize learning activities, manage student collaboration, and customize their course.
Measure outcomes to promote continuous improvement. With visual reports, it’s easy for both students and educators to gauge problem areas and act on what’s most important.
Research Methods for Business
Uma Sekaran and
Research Methods for Business
A Skill-Building Approach
Copyright © 2016, 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
All effort has been made to trace and acknowledge ownership of copyright. The publisher would be glad to hear from any
copyright holders whom it has not been possible to contact.
Cover image credit: ©Peshkova. Used under license from Shutterstock.com
John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom.
For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to
reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.com.
The rights of Uma Sekaran and Roger Bougie to be identified as the authors of this work have been asserted in accordance
with the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher.
Wiley publishes in a variety of print and electronic formats and by print‐on‐demand. Some material included with standard
print versions of this book may not be included in e‐books or in print‐on‐demand. If this book refers to media such as a CD
or DVD that is not included in the version you purchased, you may download this material at http://booksupport.wiley.com.
For more information about Wiley products, visit www.wiley.com.
Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product
names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The
publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. This publication is designed to provide accurate
and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is
not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a
competent professional should be sought.
Library of Congress Cataloging‐in‐Publication Data
Names: Sekaran, Uma, author. | Bougie, Roger, author.
Title: Research methods for business : a skill-building approach / Uma
Sekaran and Roger Bougie.
Description: Seventh edition. | Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom :
John Wiley & Sons,  | Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: LCCN 2015051045 | ISBN 9781119165552 (pbk.)
Subjects: LCSH: Business—Research—Methodology.
Classification: LCC HD30.4 .S435 2016 | DDC 650.072—dc23 LC record available at http://lccn.loc.gov/2015051045
ISBN: 9781119165552 (pbk)
ISBN: 9781119266846 (ebk)
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Set in 10/12 Minion Pro by SPi Global
Printed and bound in Italy by Printer Trento Srl.
About the Authors xix Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxiii
1 Introduction to research 1
Introduction 1 Business research 2 The role of theory and information in research 3 Research and the manager 3
Types of business research: applied and basic 5 Applied research 6 Basic or fundamental research 7
Managers and research 8 Why managers need to know about research 8 The manager and the consultant–researcher 9
Internal versus external consultants/researchers 10 Internal consultants/researchers 10
Advantages of internal consultants/researchers 10
Disadvantages of internal consultants/researchers 11
External consultants/researchers 11 Advantages of external consultants/researchers 11
Disadvantages of external consultants/researchers 12
Knowledge about research and managerial effectiveness 12 Ethics and business research 13 Summary 13 Discussion questions 14 Case: The Laroche Candy Company 15
2 The scientific approach and alternative approaches to investigation 18
Introduction 18 The hallmarks of scientific research 19
Purposiveness 19 Rigor 19 Testability 20 Replicability 20 Precision and confidence 21
Objectivity 21 Generalizability 22 Parsimony 22
The hypothetico-deductive method 23 The seven-step process in the hypothetico-deductive method 23
Identify a broad problem area 23
Define the problem statement 23
Develop hypotheses 23
Determine measures 24
Data collection 24
Data analysis 24
Interpretation of data 24
Review of the hypothetico-deductive method 26 Some obstacles to conducting scientific research in the management area 27
Alternative approaches to research 28 Positivism 28 Constructionism 28 Critical realism 29 Pragmatism 29 Conclusion 29
Summary 30 Discussion questions 31
3 Defining and refining the problem 33
Introduction 33 The broad problem area 33 Preliminary research 37
Nature of information to be gathered 37 Background information on the organization 37
Information on the topic or subject area 38
Defining the problem statement 39 What makes a good problem statement? 39 Basic types of questions: exploratory and descriptive 43
Exploratory research questions 43
Descriptive research questions 43
Causal research questions 44
The research proposal 45 Managerial implications 47 Ethical issues in the preliminary stages of investigation 47 Summary 48 Discussion questions 49
4 The critical literature review 51
Introduction 51 How to approach the literature review 54
Data sources 54 Textbooks 54
Conference proceedings 55
Unpublished manuscripts 55
The Internet 55
Searching for literature 56 Evaluating the literature 56 Documenting the literature review 57
Ethical issues 59 Summary 60 Discussion questions 61 Practice project 62 Appendix 63 Some online resources useful for business research 63 Bibliographical databases 66 Apa format for referencing relevant articles 66 Referencing and quotation in the literature review section 69
5 Theoretical framework and hypothesis development 71
Introduction 71 The need for a theoretical framework 72 Variables 72
Dependent variable 73 Independent variable 74 Moderating variable 75
The distinction between an independent variable and a moderating variable 77
Mediating variable 79 How theory is generated 81
The components of the theoretical framework 82 Hypothesis development 83
Definition of a hypothesis 84 Statement of hypotheses: formats 84
If–then statements 84
Directional and nondirectional hypotheses 84 Null and alternate hypotheses 85
Managerial implications 90 Summary 91 Discussion questions 92 Practice project 94
6 Elements of research design 95
Introduction 95 The research design 95 Elements of research design 96
Research strategies 96 Experiments 97
Survey research 97
Case studies 98
Grounded theory 98
Action research 98
Extent of researcher interference with the study 99 Study setting: contrived and noncontrived 100 Unit of analysis: individuals, dyads, groups, organizations, cultures 102 Time horizon: cross-sectional versus longitudinal studies 104
Cross-sectional studies 104
Longitudinal studies 105
Mixed methods 106 Trade-offs and compromises 107 Managerial implications 108 Summary 108 Discussion questions 109
7 Interviews 111
Introduction 111 Primary data collection methods 111 Interviews 113
Unstructured and structured interviews 113 Unstructured interviews 113
Structured interviews 115
Review of unstructured and structured interviews 116
Training interviewers 116 Some tips to follow when interviewing 117
Establishing credibility and rapport, and motivating individuals to respond 117
The questioning technique 118
Review of tips to follow when interviewing 119
Face-to-face and telephone interviews 119 Face-to-face interviews: advantages and disadvantages 120
Telephone interviews: advantages and disadvantages 120
Additional sources of bias in interview data 120 Computer-assisted interviewing 120
CATI and CAPI 121
Software packages 121
Group interviews 121 Focus groups 121
Expert panels 122
Advantages and disadvantages of interviews 123 Summary 123 Discussion questions 124
8 Data collection methods: Observation 126
Introduction 126 Definition and purpose of observation 127 Four key dimensions that characterize the
type of observation 127 Controlled versus uncontrolled observational studies 127 Participant versus nonparticipant observation 128 Structured versus unstructured observational studies 128 Concealed versus unconcealed observation 129
Two important approaches to observation 130 Participant observation: introduction 130 The participatory aspect of participant observation 130 The observation aspect of participant observation 131 What to observe 133 Structured observation: introduction 134 The use of coding schemes in structured observation 136
Advantages and disadvantages of observation 137 Summary 139 Discussion questions 140
9 Administering questionnaires 142
Introduction 142 Types of questionnaires 142
Personally administered questionnaires 143 Mail questionnaires 143 Electronic and online questionnaires 143
Guidelines for questionnaire design 145 Principles of wording 146
Content and purpose of the questions 146
Language and wording of the questionnaire 146
Type and form of questions 146
Sequencing of questions 149
Classification data or personal information 149
Principles of measurement 150 General appearance or “getup” of the questionnaire 150
Review of questionnaire design 154 Pretesting of structured questions 155 Electronic questionnaire and survey design 155
International dimensions of surveys 155 Special issues in instrumentation for cross-cultural research 156 Issues in cross-cultural data collection 156
Review of the advantages and disadvantages of different data collection methods and when to use each 157
Multimethods of data collection 158 Managerial implications 159 Ethics in data collection 159
Ethics and the researcher 159 Ethical behavior of respondents 160
Summary 160 Discussion questions 161
10 Experimental designs 165
Introduction 165 The lab experiment 167
Control 168 Manipulation 168 Controlling the contaminating exogenous or “nuisance” variables 170
Matching groups 170
Internal validity of lab experiments 171 External validity or generalizability of lab experiments 171
The field experiment 172 External and internal validity in experiments 172
Trade-off between internal and external validity 172 Factors affecting the validity of experiments 173
History effects 173
Maturation effects 174
Testing effects 174
Selection bias effects 175
Mortality effects 175
Statistical regression effects 176
Instrumentation effects 176
Identifying threats to validity 177
Review of factors affecting internal and external validity 178 Types of experimental design and validity 179
Quasi-experimental designs 179 Pretest and posttest experimental group design 179
Posttests only with experimental and control groups 179
Time series design 180
True experimental designs 181 Pretest and posttest experimental and control group design 181
Solomon four-group design 181
Double-blind studies 183
Ex post facto designs 184 Simulation 184 Ethical issues in experimental design research 185 Managerial implications 186 Summary 187 Discussion questions 189 Appendix: Further experimental designs 190
The completely randomized design 190 Randomized block design 191 Latin square design 191 Factorial design 192
11 Measurement of variables: Operational definition 193
Introduction 193 How variables are measured 193 Operational definition (operationalization) 195
Operationalization: dimensions and elements 196
Operationalizing the (multidimensional) concept of achievement motivation 197
Dimensions and elements of achievement motivation 198
What operationalization is not 202 Review of operationalization 203
International dimensions of operationalization 204 Summary 204 Discussion questions 205
12 Measurement: Scaling, reliability and validity 206
Introduction 206 Four types of scales 207
Nominal scale 207 Ordinal scale 208 Interval scale 209 Ratio scale 209
Ordinal or interval? 210 Review of scales 212
Rating scales 213 Dichotomous scale 213 Category scale 214 Semantic differential scale 214 Numerical scale 214 Itemized rating scale 215 Likert scale 215 Fixed or constant sum scale 216 Stapel scale 216 Graphic rating scale 217 Consensus scale 218 Other scales 218
Ranking scales 218 Paired comparison 218 Forced choice 218 Comparative scale 219
International dimensions of scaling 219 Goodness of measures 220
Item analysis 220 Validity 220
Content validity 221
Criterion-related validity 221
Construct validity 222
Reliability 223 Stability of measures 224
Internal consistency of measures 224
Reflective versus formative measurement scales 225 What is a reflective scale? 225 What is a formative scale and why do the items of a formative scale not necessarily hang together? 225
Summary 226 Discussion questions 227 Appendix: Examples of some measures 229
Measures from behavioral finance research 229 Measures from management accounting research 230 Measures from management research 230 Measures from marketing research 232
13 Sampling 235
Introduction 235 Population, element, sample, sampling unit, and subject 236
Element 237 Sample 237 Sampling unit 237 Subject 237
Sample data and population values 237 Parameters 238 Representativeness of Samples 238 Normality of Distributions 238
The sampling process 239 Defining the population 240 Determining the sample frame 240 Determining the sampling design 240 Determining the sample size 241 Executing the sampling process 241
Probability sampling 242 Unrestricted or simple random sampling 242 Restricted or complex probability sampling 243
Systematic sampling 243
Stratified random sampling 244
Cluster sampling 246
Double sampling 247
Review of probability sampling designs 247 Nonprobability sampling 247
Convenience sampling 247 Purposive sampling 248
Judgment sampling 248
Quota sampling 248
Review of nonprobability sampling designs 249 Intermezzo: examples of when certain sampling designs would be appropriate 252
Simple random sampling 252 Stratified random sampling 252 Systematic sampling 253 Cluster sampling 254 Area sampling 254 Double sampling 255 Convenience sampling 255 Judgment sampling: one type of purposive sampling 255 Quota sampling: a second type of purposive sampling 256
Issues of precision and confidence in determining sample size 257 Precision 257 Confidence 258 Sample data, precision, and confidence in estimation 258 Trade-off between confidence and precision 259
Sample data and hypothesis testing 260
The sample size 261 Determining the sample size 262 Sample size and type II errors 264 Statistical and practical significance 264 Rules of thumb 264 Efficiency In Sampling 265
Sampling as related to qualitative studies 265 Managerial implications 266 Summary 266 Discussion questions 268
14 Quantitative data analysis 271
Introduction 271 Getting the data ready for analysis 273
Coding and data entry 273 Coding the responses 273
Data entry 275
Editing data 276 Data transformation 277
Getting a feel for the data 278 Frequencies 279
Bar charts and pie charts 280
Measures of central tendency and dispersion 282 Measures of central tendency 282
Measures of dispersion 283
Relationships between variables 285 Relationship between two nominal variables: χ2 test 285 Correlations 286
Excelsior enterprises: descriptive statistics part 1 287 Testing the goodness of measures 289
Reliability 289 Excelsior Enterprises: checking the reliability of the multi-item measures 290
Validity 292 Excelsior enterprises: descriptive statistics part 2 293 Summary 296 Discussion questions 297
15 Quantitative data analysis: Hypothesis testing 300
Introduction 300 Type I errors, type II errors, and statistical power 301 Choosing the appropriate statistical technique 302
Testing a hypothesis about a single mean 302
Testing hypotheses about two related means 305 Testing hypotheses about two unrelated means 309 Testing hypotheses about several means 311 Regression analysis 312
Standardized regression coefficients 315
Regression with dummy variables 315
Testing moderation using regression analysis: interaction effects 316
Other multivariate tests and analyses 319 Discriminant analysis 319
Logistic regression 319
Conjoint analysis 320
Two-way ANOVA 322
Canonical correlation 322
Excelsior enterprises: hypothesis testing 323 Overall interpretation and recommendations to the president 325
Data warehousing, data mining, and operations research 326 Some software packages useful for data analysis 327 Summary 328 Discussion questions 329
16 Qualitative data analysis 332
Introduction 332 Three important steps in qualitative data analysis 332
Data reduction 334 Data display 347 Drawing conclusions 347
Reliability and validity in qualitative research 348 Some other methods of gathering and analyzing qualitative data 350
Content analysis 350 Narrative analysis 350 Analytic induction 350
Big data 351 Summary 351 Discussion questions 352
17 The research report 353
Introduction 353 The written report 354
The purpose of the written report 354 The audience for the written report 356
Characteristics of a well-written report 356 Contents of the research report 357
The title and the title page 357 The executive summary or abstract 357 Table of contents 358 List of tables, figures, and other materials 359 Preface 359 The authorization letter 360 The introductory section 360 The body of the report 360 The final part of the report 361 References 361 Appendix 363
Oral presentation 363 Deciding on the content 364 Visual aids 364 The presenter 365 The presentation 365 Handling questions 365
Summary 366 Discussion questions 367 Appendix: Examples 368 Report 1: sample of a report involving a descriptive study 368 Report 2: sample of a report offering alternative solutions and explaining
the pros and cons of each alternative 371 Report 3: example of an abridged basic research report 373
A Final Note to Students 377 Statistical Tables 379 Glossary 389 Bibliography 399 Index 407
ABOUT THE AUTHOR S
Uma Sekaran was Professor Emerita of Management, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC), Illinois.
She obtained her MBA degree from the University of Connecticut at Storrs, and her PhD from UCLA. She was
the Chair of the Department of Management and also the Director of University Women’s Professional
Advancement at SIUC when she retired from the University and moved to California to be closer to her family.
Professor Sekaran authored or co‐authored eight books, 12 book chapters, and more than 55 refereed journal
articles in the management area, and presented more than 70 papers at regional, national, and international
management conferences. She also won recognition for significant research contributions to cross‐cultural
research from US and international professional organizations. She received Meritorious Research Awards both
from the Academy of Management and SIUC, and was conferred the Best Teacher Award by the University.
Roger Bougie is Associate Professor at the TIAS School for Business and Society (Tilburg University, The
Netherlands), where he teaches executive courses in Business Research Methods. He has received a number of
teaching awards, including the Best Course Award for his course on Business Research Methods. Dr Bougie’s
main research interest is in emotions and their impact on consumer behavior, service quality, and satisfaction.
Dr Bougie authored or co‐authored numerous papers, books, book chapters, and cases in the area of Marketing
and Business Research Methods. Dr Bougie is ad hoc reviewer for the Journal of the Academy of Marketing
Science, the Journal of Business Research, the Journal of Marketing Research, and Marketing Letters.
I have used previous editions of this book in various research methods courses with great success. For many years
the book has helped thousands of my own students (undergraduate students, graduate students, and executive
students), as well as many more around the world, to carry out their research projects. The great strength of
Research Methods for Business is that students find it clear, informal, easy to use and unintimidating. I have tried
to maintain these strengths in this seventh edition.
CHANGES IN THE SEVENTH EDITION
The seventh edition of Research Methods for Business has been thoroughly revised.
● Chapter 3 (Defining and Refining the Problem), Chapter 4 (The Critical Literature Review), Chapter 6
(Elements of Research Design), Chapter 7 (Interviews), Chapter 9 (Administering Questionnaires), Chapters 14
and 15 (Quantitative Data Analysis), and Chapter 17 (The Research Report) have been substantially modified
and updated in this edition.
● Examples, exercises, and other pedagogical features have been revised and updated in all the chapters.
● The structure of the book has not changed, but the storyline has been greatly improved. As in previous editions,
the accessible and informal style of presenting information has been maintained and the focus on practical
skill building preserved.
● Chapter 2 introduces and discusses alternative approaches to research. In the new edition, subsequent chapters
follow up on this by reviewing a range of topics (such as research questions, research design, and measurement)
from various perspectives. This allows users of this book to recognize and develop their personal ideas on
research and how it should be done, to determine which kinds of research questions are important to them, and
what methods for collecting and analyzing data will give them the best answers to their research questions.
The book provides numerous examples to illustrate the concepts and points presented. Users will also note
the variety of examples from different areas of the world as well as different areas of business – human resources
management, strategic management, operations management, management control, marketing, finance, accounting,
and information management.
Most chapters in the book include managerial implications of the contents discussed, emphasizing the need
for managers to understand research. The ethical considerations involved in conducting research are also clearly
brought out. The dynamics of cross‐cultural research in terms of instrument development, surveys, and sam-
pling are discussed, which, in the context of today’s global economy, will be useful to students.
We expect that students and instructors alike will enjoy this edition. Students should become effective
researchers, helped by the requisite knowledge and skills acquired by the study of this book. Finally, it is hoped
that students will find research interesting, unintimidating, and of practical use.
HOW TO USE THIS SEVENTH EDITION
You can read this book in a variety of ways, depending on your reasons for using this book.
If the book is part of a Business Research Methods course, the order in which you read the chapters will be
prescribed by your instructor.
If you are reading the book because you are engaged in a project (a consultancy project, a research project,
or a dissertation) then the order in which your read the chapters is your own choice. However, we recommend
that you follow the structure of the book rather closely. This means that we advise you to start with reading the
first three chapters that introduce research, various approaches to what makes good research, and the develop-
ment of a problem statement and a research proposal. Based on the type of research questions and whether, as a
result of your research questions, your study is either qualitative or quantitative in nature you may decide to read
the book in the following way.
In the case of qualitative research:
4 The critical literature review
6 Research design
7, 8, and/or 9 Data collection methods
16 Qualitative data analysis
17 The research report
In the case of quantitative research:
4 The critical literature review
5 Theoretical framework
6 Research design
10 Experimental designs
11 and 12 Measurement and Scaling
14 and 15 Quantitative data analysis
17 The research report
Lecturers and students have a dedicated companion website available at www.wiley.com/college/sekaran.
Lecturers will find a range of bespoke video material, developed by the author to provide extra explanation
on difficult topics; videos are signposted in the text. The lecturer website also houses additional case studies
related to each chapter, including accompanying cases for the three new chapters. There is also an extensive test
bank for lecturers, a comprehensive set of PowerPoint slides to accompany the new edition, and an instructor’s
manual, which offers an up‐to‐date and valuable additional teaching aid.
Students will find an online glossary and flashcards, which are useful for self‐study and revision. In addition,
the student website provides self‐test quizzes with over 250 questions for students to use while studying outside
Working on the seventh edition of Research Methods for Business has been a positive and rewarding experience.
Many people have contributed to this in many different ways. Thank you colleagues at Tilburg University and
the TIAS School for Business and Society for your feedback on earlier versions of this book. Thank you for
providing me with a pleasant, professional and inspiring work environment. Thank you dear students for the
lively and inspiring discussions we have had during the past twenty years; I have learned a lot from these discus-
sions. Thanks everybody at John Wiley & Sons, in particular Steve Hardman, for your support, your patience,
and your confidence. Thank you reviewers for your constructive and insightful comments on earlier drafts of
Just close your eyes for a minute and utter the word research to yourself. What kinds of images does this word
conjure up for you? Do you visualize a lab with scientists at work with Bunsen burners and test tubes, or an
Einstein‐like character writing a dissertation on some complex subject such as ‘behavioral heterogeneity in eco-
nomic institutions’, or someone
We are a professional custom writing website. If you have searched a question and bumped into our website just know you are in the right place to get help in your coursework.
Yes. We have posted over our previous orders to display our experience. Since we have done this question before, we can also do it for you. To make sure we do it perfectly, please fill our Order Form. Filling the order form correctly will assist our team in referencing, specifications and future communication.
2. Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER INFORMATION" section and click “PRICE CALCULATION” at the bottom to calculate your order price.
3. Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
4. Click “FINAL STEP” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
5. From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.
Need this assignment?
Order here and claim 25% off
Discount code SAVE25