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How does the era influence the humanities of that era? To answer this question, consider the Age of Revolutions, the Romantic Era, and the Industrial Age. Also, you will need specific examples such as specific paintings, structures, musical compositions, etc.. Remember your examples of Humanities MUST be within the realm of Humanities as a study.
___>Please write in formal academic style.
Philip E. Bishop
Revising author Margaret Manos
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Bishop, Philip E.
Adventures in the human spirit. — 7th ed. / Philip E. Bishop ; revising author, Margaret Manos.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-205-88147-5 (pbk.) — ISBN 0-205-88147-5 (pbk.)
1. Civilization, Western–History–Textbooks. 2. Humanities–History–Textbooks. I. Manos, Margaret J.
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1 AN INVITATION TO ADVENTURE 14
Creating a Sense of Self 16 Tradition: Nurturing the Creative Spirit 16 Modes of Expression and Reflection 16
The Visual Arts 17 The Pictorial Arts 17 Sculpture: The Art of Shaping 18 Architecture 20
The Performing Arts 21 Music 21 Dance 22 Theater 24 Opera 24
The Literary Arts 25 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The First Humans 26
An Invitation to the Adventure 28
Chapter Review 29
T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 17, 22, 25 T H E W R I T E I D E A 2 5
2 THE ANCIENT WORLD 30
Mesopotamia 32 The Sumerians 32 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Megaliths 32 Empires of the Near East 35
Ancient Egypt 36 Egypt: Religion and Society 36 The Arts of Egypt 37 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : Death at an Egyptian Banquet 38
Ancient Asia 39 The Indus Valley 39 Bronze Age China 40
Ancient America 42 K E Y C O N C E P T : Myth 43
Chapter Review 45
3 ANCIENT GREECE 46
Early Greece 48 The Aegean World 48 Early Greek Poetry 50 Religion and Philosophy in Early Greece 51 Art in Early Greece 53
The Classical Period 55 Athens in its Golden Age 55 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : The Plague of Athens 55
Classical Greek Art 56 The Athenian Acropolis 56 Classical Sculpture 59 K E Y C O N C E P T : The Classical Ideal 62
Greek Theater and Music 63 Greek Tragedy 63 Greek Comedy 65 Greek Music and Dance 65
Classical Greek Philosophy 66 The Sophists and Socrates 67 Plato 67 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Confucius and Philosophy 68 Aristotle 69
The Hellenistic Age 69 The Hellenistic Legacy 69
Chapter Review 73
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 6 2 , 6 8 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 51, 63 T H E W R I T E I D E A 51, 64
4 ANCIENT ROME 74
The Drama of Roman History 76 The Rise of Republican Rome 77 K E Y C O N C E P T : Imperialism 78 Imperial Rome 79
The Art of an Empire 80 Sculpture as Propaganda 80 The Forum of Trajan 81 K E Y C O N C E P T : The World Citizen 84 The Romans as Builders 85
Roman Art and Daily Life 89 Roman Daily Life 89
6 THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES 134
The Age of Charlemagne 136 Northern Edge of the Early Middle Ages 136 Charlemagne’s Empire 137 Carolingian Arts 137
Feudal Europe 140 Feudalism 140 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : Work in Charlemagne’s World 140 The Arts of Feudalism 141 The Bayeux Tapestry 143 The Flowering of Muslim Spain 143
Monasticism 144 The Monastic Ideal 144 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The Blood of Maya Kings 146 Hrotsvit and the Classical Tradition 147
The Romanesque Style 147 Imperial Revival and the Romanesque Style 147 The Romanesque Church: Monks and Pilgrims 150 Romanesque Sculpture 152 K E Y C O N C E P T : Pilgrimage 153
Early Medieval Music and Drama 154 Musical Notation 154 Hildegard of Bingen: Musical Mystic 155 Drama in the Medieval Church 156 K E Y C O N C E P T : Mysticism 157
The Medieval Philosopher 158 Early Medieval Philosophy 158 Abelard 158 The Medieval Spirit and the First Crusade 160
Chapter Review 161
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 1 5 7 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 1 4 3 , 1 4 7 , 1 5 3 , 1 6 0
7 THE LATE MIDDLE AGES 162
The Gothic Awakening 164 The Crusades and the Decline of Feudalism 164 The Rise of Towns and Cities 165
The Gothic Style 166 The Gothic Style and Divine Light 166 The Cathedral at Chartres 168 Gothic Sculpture 170
Music and Theater in the Gothic Age 172 The Evolution of Organum 173
W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : A Marriage Contract of the Roman Era 90 Roman Theater and Music 93
The Romans as Poets and Thinkers 95 Early Roman Poets 95 Roman Epic and Satire 96 Philosophy in the Roman World 97 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The Rise of Buddhism 98 Rome’s Division and Decline 100
Chapter Review 101
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 79, 84, 99 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 9 1 , 9 6
5 MONOTHEISM: JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, ISLAM 102
The Judaic Tradition 104 History and the Israelites 104 The Hebrew Bible 105 K E Y C O N C E P T : Monotheism 107 Job and the Trials of Israel 108
The Rise of Christianity 109 Jesus of Nazareth 109 The Growth of Christianity 110 Christianity in the Late Roman Empire 111 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : The Siege of Jerusalem 112
Philosophy: Classical and Christian 114 From Classical to Christian 114 Augustine of Hippo 115 K E Y C O N C E P T : Original Sin and Human Nature 116
The Christian Empires: Rome and Byzantium 117 St. Peter’s and the Pope 118 Justinian and the Byzantine World 118 Ravenna: Showcase of the Christian Arts 122
Christianity and the Arts 126 Early Christian Music 126 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Teotihuacán: Sacred City of Mesoamerica 127 Christianity Against the Arts 128
The Rise of Islam 128 The Foundations of Islam 129 Islamic Arts and Science 131
Chapter Review 133
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 107, 112, 116 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 1 0 8 , 1 3 3
Chapter Review 221
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 193, 212 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 1 9 5 , 2 0 6 , 2 0 8 , 2 1 8
9 REFORMATION AND LATE RENAISSANCE 222
The Reformation 224 Luther’s Challenge 224 The Appeal of the Reformation 225 Calvinism 226
The Rise of Northern Europe 226 Kings, Commerce, and Columbus 226 K E Y C O N C E P T : The Protestant Ethic: God, Work, and Wealth 227 The Northern Renaissance Courts 228 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The Ottoman Empire 232
Art and Humanism in Northern Europe 233 Faith and Humanism in Northern Art 233 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : A Midwife’s Advice 233 Erasmus and Humanism 239 Utopians and Skeptics 241
The Elizabethan Age 241 The Reformation in England 241 K E Y C O N C E P T : Skepticism 242 Theater in the Elizabethan Age 242 The Genius of Shakespeare 244 Elizabethan Music 245
The Late Renaissance in Italy and Spain 246 Palestrina and the Counter-Reformation 246 Renaissance Theater in Italy 247 The Renaissance in Venice 249 Late Renaissance Painting and Mannerism 251
Chapter Review 257
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 242 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 2 2 4 , 2 2 6 , 2 4 1 , 2 4 5 T H E W R I T E I D E A 227
10 THE BAROQUE 258
The Baroque in Italy 260 Bernini and Counter-Reformation Rome 260 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The Taj Mahal 263 Italian Baroque Painting 264 The Birth of Opera 264
G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Buddhism in Asia 174 Gothic Theater: From Church to Town 175
The New Learning 177 The Universities 177 K E Y C O N C E P T : Scholasticism 178 Thomas Aquinas 178
Court and City in the Late Middle Ages 179 Courtly Love and Medieval Romance 179 K E Y C O N C E P T : Chivalry 181 Music in the Late Middle Ages 182 Dante’s Divine Comedy 182 Chaucer’s Canterbury Pilgrims 184 WINDOWS ON DAILY LIFE: The Plague and Prosperity 184
The Late Gothic 184 Reclaiming the Classical Past 185 Giotto and the International Gothic 186
Chapter Review 189
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 181 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 1 7 7 . 1 8 2
8 THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALY 190
The Renaissance Spirit in Italy 192 The Italian City-States 192 K E Y C O N C E P T : Renaissance Humanism 193 Patronage of the Arts and Learning 194 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : The Violence of Renaissance Youth 196
The Arts in Early Renaissance Italy 196 Florence 1401: a Renaissance Begins 196 Brunelleschi’s Dome 199 Florentine Painting: A Refined Classicism 200 Italian Renaissance Music 202 K E Y C O N C E P T : The Science of Perspective 202 Early Renaissance Sculpture 205 The Decline of Florence 207
Renaissance Genius 207 Machiavelli and Humanist Politics 207 Leonardo da Vinci 208 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Great Zimbabwe 209
The High Renaissance in Rome 211 Josquin des Préz 211 KEY CONCEPT: The Renaissance Man … and Woman 212 Raphael 213 Michelangelo in Rome 215 The New St. Peter’s 218
Neoclassical Painting 312 K E Y C O N C E P T : Neoclassicism 313
The Age of Satire 314 Swift 315 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : Women Gladiators 316 Satire and Society in Art 316 Voltaire 316
Chapter Review 319
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 304 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 3 1 6 T H E W R I T E I D E A 318
12 REVOLUTION AND ROMANTICISM 320
Revolutions and Rights 322 The Revolutionary Wave—1776 and 1789 322 The Napoleonic Era 324 K E Y C O N C E P T : Freedom 327 The Industrial Revolution 327 Revolution and Philosophy 328
The Romantic Hero 329 Faust and the Romantics 329 Delacroix and the Byronic Hero 331
Music and Dance in the Romantic Age 333 Beethoven: From Classical to Romantic 333 Age of the Virtuoso 333 Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique 334
Elements of Romanticism 335 Romantic Social Protest 335 The Romantics and Nature 337 K E Y C O N C E P T : Imagination 337 Romantic Escapes 341 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : Native Storytellers 342 Evil and the Gothic Novel 343
Chapter Review 345
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 327 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 3 2 3 , 3 3 0
13 THE INDUSTRIAL AGE 346
Materialism and Progress 348 The Victorians 348 Realism in Pictorial Art 350 The Realist Novel 354 The Modern City 355
The Baroque in Spain 268 Spanish Baroque Architecture 268 K E Y C O N C E P T : Absolutism 268 Velázquez and Cervantes—Masters of Illusion 269
The Baroque In France 272 The Palace of Versailles 273 Theater and Dance at Versailles 274 Painting in Baroque France 276
The Protestant Baroque 278 J. S. Bach—Baroque Genius 278 Bach’s Well-tempered Clavier 279 Rembrandt and Dutch Baroque Painting 280
The New Science 284 K E Y C O N C E P T : Empiricism 285 Tools of the New Science 285 Descartes and Newton 286
The English Compromise 286 English Baroque Poetry 287 Christopher Wren’s London 288 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : The Fire of London 289 Handel and Music in England 289 Politics and Philosophy in England 289
Chapter Review 291
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 268 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 2 7 7 , 2 8 4
11 THE ENLIGHTENMENT 292
The Rococo Style 294 The Rococo in France 294 The Rococo in Germany and Britain 299
The Enlightenment 301 The Philosophes 301 Enlightenment and Freedom 303 K E Y C O N C E P T : Enlightenment 304
The Bourgeois Response 304 The Bourgeois Style in Painting 305 The Rise of the Novel 306 The Bourgeois Theater in Germany 307
Music in the Age of Enlightenment 307 Mozart and Opera 307 The Classical Symphony 308 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : Kabuki Theater 309
The Neoclassical Style 310 Neoclassical Architecture 310
The American Scene 407 The Age of Jazz 408 World War and Holocaust 410
Chapter Review 411
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 397 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 3 8 5 , 4 0 5
15 THE CONTEMPORARY SPIRIT 412
The Age of Anxiety 414 Post-war America 414 K E Y C O N C E P T : Existentialism 415 Exploring the Absurd 416 The Theater of the Absurd 416 The Existential Hero 417
Art and Architecture in Postwar America 417 The New York School 417 Modern Architecture in Postwar America 418 American Sculpture in the Postwar Era 421 Black Mountain College and the Avant-garde 423
The Sixties 424 GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: Gandhi and Colonial Liberation 425 Visual Arts 426 Modern Music 427
The Postmodern 428 Postmodern Architecture 429 Postmodern Music 430 The New Fiction 430 WINDOWS ON DAILY LIFE: Living and Dying With AIDS 432 The Art of Pluralism 432
Global Awareness 434 Liberated Voices 435 A New Century: Promise and Challenge 438
Chapter Review 442
T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 4 1 5 , 4 3 1 T H E W R I T E I D E A 438
Notes 444 Glossary 447 Further Reading 452 Picture Credits 454 Index 456
Music and Modernity 358 Verdi’s Operas 358 Wagner’s Musical Revolution 359 K E Y C O N C E P T : Modernity 360 Late Romantic Music and Dance 362
Late Romantics and Early Moderns 362 W I N D O W S O N D A I L Y L I F E : A Musical Career 362 Symbolism and Art Nouveau 363 Debussy and Rodin—the Break with Tradition 364 Impressionism 367 G L O B A L P E R S P E C T I V E : The Japanese Color Print 369 Beyond Impressionism 371
The Dark Side of Progress 375 The Realist Theater 376 The Novel and Modern Philosophy 376 K E Y C O N C E P T : Human Will 377
Chapter Review 379
C R I T I C A L Q U E S T I O N 361 T H O U G H T E X P E R I M E N T 3 7 9
14 MODERNISM 380
A Turbulent Century 382 A New Science 382 The Great War 383 Fascism and the Rise of Mass Society 384
Modernism in Art 385 WINDOWS ON DAILY LIFE: War, Fashion, and Feminism 385 Picasso and the Revolution in Art 385 K E Y C O N C E P T : Primitivism 388 Toward Formal Abstraction 389 Expressionism and Dada 391
The Modern Mind 394 Freud and Surrealism 394 Modernism in Literature 397 K E Y C O N C E P T : The Unconscious 397
Modernist Music and Architecture 398 Stravinsky and Schoenberg—the New Music 399 Modernist Building and Design 400
Art and Politics 402 Brecht’s Epic Theater 402 Painting and Politics 403 Politics and the Cinema 404
In the American Grain 405 Regionalism and Renaissance 405
This book includes poems or short extracts from the following authors and works. Copyright information is given in the Notes on pages 444–7.
Woeser, Tibet Above 25 The Great Hymn to Aten 37 Herodotus, The Persian Wars 38 Homer, Iliad, Book XXIV 50 Sappho 51 Hesiod, Theogony 52 Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War 55 Sophocles, Antigone 62 Catullus, To an Unfaithful Lover 95 Virgil, Aeneid, Book I, Book IV 96 Juvenal, The Satires 97 Lucretius, On the Nature of the Universe 97 Marcus Aurelius, Meditations Book VII 99 Book of Genesis 106, 107 Book of Job 108 Gospel of Matthew 109 Josephus, The Jewish Wars 112 St. Augustine, Confessions 115 The Qur’an (Sura 55) 130 Charlemagne, Admonitio, 789 140 Song of Roland (stanzas 173, 176) 142 Hrotsvit 147 Hildegard of Bingen 156 Bernart de Ventadorn, Quan vei la lauzeta mover 180 Beatriz de Dia 180 Ramón Llull, Book of the Order of Chivalry 181 Dante Alighieri, Inferno Canto V 183 Henry Knighton 184 Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Wife of Bath’s Tale” 184 Petrarch, Sonnet 185 Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man 193 Lorenzo de’ Medici, Song of Bacchus 195 Benvenuto Cellini, Autobiography 196 Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince 208 Diane de Poitiers 233 Albrecht Dürer 237 Erasmus, In Praise of Folly 240 William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act II sc.ii 245 St. Teresa 260–61 Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote Part I 272 Descartes, Discourse on Method 286 John Donne, The Canonization 287 John Milton, Paradise Lost 287 The Diary of Samuel Pepys 289 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract 303 Samuel Richardson, Pamela 306 Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal 315 César de Saussure, A Foreign View of England 316 Voltaire, Candide 318 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust, Part 1, Part 2 330
William Blake, London 335 Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women 336 William Wordsworth, The World is Too Much With Us 338 Grenville Goodwin, Western Apache Raiding and Warfare 342
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein 345 Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass 355 Lillian Nordica 362 Charles Baudelaire, Les Fleurs du Mal 363 Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House 376 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Brothers Karamazov 378 William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming 382 Ray Strachey, “The Cause”: A Short History of the Women’s Movement in Great Britain 385 Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis 398 Allen Ginsberg, Howl and Other Poems 414 Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism 416 Jackson Pollock 417 Jorge Luis Borges, Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius 431 Paul Monette, Borrowed Time: An AIDS Memoir 432 Denise Levertov, In Mind 438 Edward Thomas, Liberty 443
28–9, 44–5, 72–3, 100–101, 132–3, 160–61, 188–9, 220–21, 256–7, 290–91, 318–19, 344–5, 378–9, 410–11, 442–3
Prehistoric Europe 27 The ancient world 33 Ancient Greece 48 The Roman Empire 78 The spread of Buddhism 98 The spread of Christianity 110 The late Roman and Byzantine world 119 The Islamic world 129 Europe in the Romanesque period 148 The Crusades 164 Renaissance Italy 192 Western Europe during the Reformation, c. 1560 225 Renaissance and earlier monuments of Rome 267 The grand boulevards of Paris 357
Difficult and unfamiliar names and terms in the text are followed by their phonetic pronunciation in square brackets. A simple phonetic system is used which includes the symbols:
ah = raw oh = boat tch = righteous ay = late oo = boot zh = Asia g = get ow = bow (n), (r), etc = barely igh, eye = bite uh = plumb voiced or nasal
After Philip E. Bishop passed away in April 2010, the publishers of Adventures in the Human Spirit asked me to take over the revision of this, its seventh edition. While I have edited innumerable college textbooks in the arts and humanities during my 20 years as a freelance developmental editor, it is one thing to edit a book and quite something else to assume the responsibility for a book as its author. Over six editions, Philip had refined the most readable one-volume overview of the humanities available. His voice was personable and engaging, his coverage authoritative and judicious.
In updating Philip’s book, I have sought to maintain his readability, clarity, concision, and approachability, and to continue his discerning coverage of music, religion, literature, philosophy, and science. While extending the coverage of recent art and scholarship, we have also entirely recast the book’s design to further engage students with dramatic new chapter- opening spreads, a refreshed color palette, and a clear pedagogical structure.
All 15 chapters have been revised to include:
• New opening learning outcome questions that create clear signposts for study
• New comprehensive timelines that recap events in the chapter
• New review questions for student self-evaluation and chapter review
• New Thought Experiment questions that prompt reflections on the ways in which a subject touches students’ lives
• Enhanced coverage of non-Western high points in the humanities, including ancient and modern Asia, Africa, and the Americas
• More than 140 MyArtsLab links that connect students to Pearson’s formidable on-line resources, and include closer looks at art objects, virtual tours of landmark architecture, historical documents, and extended primary sources
• More than 125 brand-new color illustrations • A new and totally revised, comprehensive, detailed
In response to reviewer suggestions, the following chapters have been thoroughly updated:
• Chapter 1 has been revised to engage students right from the start, with special attention to the recent work of notable contemporary artists, such as Tara Donovan, Trisha Brown, Rachel Whiteread, and Marlene Dumas.
• Chapter 2 has expanded its coverage of ancient civilizations to include more on Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the ancient Americas.
• Chapter 15 has been completely reorganized and updated to include coverage of contemporary computer/video art, green architecture, post- colonial and feminist art, and globalism in art and architecture. Featured contemporary artists include Cindy Sherman, Maya Lin, Fred Wilson, Louise Bourgeois, Kara Walker, Christian Marclay, and Takeshi Murata.
Along with adding the new Thought Experiment box feature, I have expanded the Global Perspective boxes to enlarge the coverage of non-Western arts and cultures. The popular Key Concept, Critical Question, Write Idea, and Windows on Daily Life features remain.
Students should note that in addition to the MyArtsLab assets, every location mentioned in this text can be explored on the web via Google Earth, a powerful resource for virtual tours of landmark sites worldwide.
I am grateful to the following reviewers for their thoughtful suggestions:
Lynn Brink, North Lake College Ron Cooper, College of Central Florida Judith Johnson, Harrisburg Area Community College Jennifer Keefe, Valencia College Mary Ann Murdoch, Polk State College Karen Rumbley, Valencia College David Underwood, St. Petersburg College Anthony Williams, Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College Warren Yarbrough, Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College
And for their support and assistance every step of the way, many thanks to Susie May, Kara Hattersley-Smith, designer Tim Foster, and picture researcher Peter Kent at Laurence King Publishing, and to Acquisitions Editor Billy Grieco at Pearson.
Margaret Manos New York City, 2012
Preface to the Seventh Edition
The new MyArtsLab delivers proven results in helping individual students succeed. Its automatically graded assessments, personalized study plan, and interactive eText provide engaging experiences that personalize, stimulate, and measure learning for each student. And, it comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students, instructors, and departments achieve their goals.
The Pearson eText lets students access their textbook anytime, anywhere, and any way they want, including downloading the text to an iPad®. Personalized study plan for each student promotes critical-thinking skills. Assessment tied to videos, applications, and chapters enables both instructors and students to track progress and get immediate feedback. Closer Look tours—interactive walkthroughs featuring expert audio— offer in-depth looks at key works of art, enabling students to zoom in to see detail they couldn’t otherwise see, even in person. Art21 and Studio Technique videos present up-close looks at real-life artists at work, helping students better understand techniques used during different eras. 360-degree architectural panoramas and simulations of major monuments help students understand buildings—inside and out. Henry Sayre’s Writing About Art 6th edition is now available online in its entirety as an eText within MyArtsLab. This straightforward guide prepares students to describe, interpret, and write about works of art in meaningful and lasting terms. Discovering Art is a robust online tutorial for exploring the major elements and principles of art, art media, and art processes. The site offers opportunities to review key terminology, search a large gallery of images, watch videos, and more.
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The Books à la Carte edition offers a convenient, three-hole-punched, loose-leaf version of the traditional text at a discounted price—allowing students to take only what they need to class. Books à la Carte editions are available both with and without access to MyArtsLab.
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NEW! The Class Preparation Tool collects the very best class presentation resources in one convenient online destination, so instructors can keep students engaged throughout every class. With art and fi gures from the text, videos, classroom activities, and much more, it makes lecture preparation simpler and less time-consuming.
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Instructor’s Manual and Test Item File.This is an invaluable professional resource and reference for new and experienced faculty. Each chapter contains the following sections: Chapter Overview, Chapter Objectives, Key Terms, Lecture and Discus- sion Topics, Resources, and Writing Assignments and Projects. The test bank includes multiple-choice, true/ false, short-answer, and essay questions. Available for download from the instructor support section at www.myartslab.com.
MyTest. This fl exible online test-generating software includes all questions found in the printed Test Item File. Instructors can quickly and easily create custom- ized tests with MyTest at www.pearsonmytest.com.
1An Invitation to Adventure 1.1 Doug Wheeler, DW 68 VEN MCASD 11, 1968–2011. Light installation. Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego. California “Light and Space” artist Doug Wheeler (b. 1939) creates immersive “infinity environments,” where light is experienced as a tactile presence. Wheeler’s quest is to create a sense of absence. There is nothing to see—only light.
What distinguishes humans from other creatures? Other animals play,
and give care to one another; some build hives, nests, and lodges; some
live in seclusion, and some live in large communities; some seem to use
languages to communicate. So what makes us different? This is the basic
question of the humanities. Streams of images …
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